International, intensive field programmes aim at understanding the dynamics of Antarctica's ice sheets, ice shelves, glaciers, sea ice and the continent hidden beneath kilometres of ice.
Antarctica has unique characteristics that make it a highly desirable vantage point for near-Earth, upper atmosphere, solar, astrophysical and astronomical observations.
SCAR, the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research,
is a body of ICSU, the International Council for Science, and it is charged with the initiation, promotion and co-ordination of scientific research in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean. SCAR also provides international, independent scientific advice to the Antarctic Treaty system and other bodies.