Standing Scientific Group on Life Sciences (SSG-LS)
The Antarctic as a cold, isolated, pristine environment is undergoing significant change through regional climate warming, ozone depletion, alien introductions, long range transport of contaminants and increased global attention as a scientific and tourist destination and a fisheries provider. Over the 21st century, the Antarctic is projected to warm by 3.4 ± 1°C and lose about 30% of its sea ice extent. Biologically, the Antarctic is a centre of evolutionary divergence and adaptation to polar extremes. Its diversity is now threatened by environmental changes occurring on short time scales that do not accommodate natural selection.
SSG‐LS coordinates research focused on:
- understanding the impact of past, current and predicted environmental change on biodiversity and the consequences for adaptation and function.
- determining the effects of cold, darkness, isolation and pathogens on the health and welfare of scientists and support staff in the Antarctic,
- through multidisciplinary collaborations, understanding the complexities of the Antarctic environment and predicting the consequences of change.
SCAR SSG-LS Meetings
- Report of the XXXII SCAR SSG Life Sciences Meeting, Portland, Oregon, USA, 15 and 20 July 2012
- Report of XXXI SCAR SSG Life Sciences Meeting, Buenos Aires, 30 July - 2 July 2010
- Joint COMNAP / SCAR Workshop on Non-Native Species, held in Buenos Aires, Argentina - 8 August 2010
- Notes of Biology Workshop held in May 2010, Castiglioncello, Italy
- Minutes of a Workshop on the future of SCAR biology programmes, held at the 10th Biology Symposium, Sapporo, July 2009 (revised version 10 May 2010)
- First Circular of 10th Biology Symposium
- Report of XXX SCAR SSG-LS Meeting, 5-7 July 2008, St Petersburg, Russia
- SSG-LS Report to XXIX SCAR Delegates Meeting, 17-19 July 2006, Hobart, Australia
- SSG-LS Report to XXVIII SCAR Delegates Meeting, 4-8 October 2004, Bremen, Germany
People in SCAR Life Sciences
Codes of Conduct for Fieldwork, Animals and SAEs
- Environmental Code of Conduct for Terrestrial Scientific Field Research in Antarctica (revised 12 January 2009).
- Code of Conduct for the use of Animals for Scientific Purposes in Antarctica (May 2011)
- Code of Conduct for the Exploration and Research of Subglacial Aquatic Environments (May 2011)
- Recommendation SCAR XXIV-3 concerning the re-introduction of indigenous species (August 1996)
SCAR Data Policy
The SCAR Data Policy aims to provide a framework for SCAR-related research data to be handled in a consistent manner, and to strike a balance between the rights of investigators and the need for widespread access through the free and unrestricted sharing and exchange of both data and metadata. In order to be considered part of a SCAR Research Programme, each Project should follow this policy:
Reports & Articles
- SCAR-MarBIN Report to Total Foundation for the Year 2009
- SCAR-MarBIN contribution to SCAR Report, 2007
- Report on a Workshop on Terrestrial Biodiversity in the Antarctic - Microbial, Macroscopic, Indigenous and Alien (co-funded by SCAR, NRF and CIB; Stellenbosch, South Africa, 18-20 October 2006)
- Acoustics in the Marine Environment (cross-SSG group) - Contact: Phil O'Brien (firstname.lastname@example.org)
- Environmental Contamination in Antarctica (ECA) (incorporates AGAFS) (joint group with SSG-PS) - Contact: Paolo Cescon (email@example.com) and Gabriele Capodaglio (firstname.lastname@example.org)
- Ocean Acidification (Cross-SSG Group) - Contact: Richard Bellerby (email@example.com)
- Remote Sensing AG (joint group with SSG-PS, starting 2013) - Contact: Hans-Ulrich Peter (Hans-Ulrich.Peter@uni-jena.de)
- Seeps And Vents Antarctica (SAVAnt) (Cross SSGs Group) - Contact: Jodie Smith (Jodie.Smith@ga.gov.au) and Phil O'Brien (firstname.lastname@example.org)
- Antarctic Biodiversity Informatics (ABI) (incorporates AntaBIF and MarBIN, starting 2013) - Contact: Bruno Danis (email@example.com)
- Advancing TecHnological and ENvironmental stewardship for subglacial exploration in Antarctica (ATHENA) (Cross-SSG Group) - Contact: Jemma Wadham (firstname.lastname@example.org) and Peter Doran (email@example.com)
- Expert Group on Birds and Marine Mammals (EGBAMM) - Contact: Mark Hindell (firstname.lastname@example.org)
- Continuous Plankton Recorder Research (CPR) - Contact: Kunio Takahashi (email@example.com)
- Joint Expert Group on Human Biology and Medicine (JEGHBM) (joint group with COMNAP) - Contact Jeff Ayton (Jeff.Ayton@aad.gov.au)
- Integrating Climate and Ecosystem Dynamics in the Southern Ocean (ICED) (joint group with SSG-PS) - Contact: Eugene Murphy (firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com)
- Joint SCAR/SCOR Oceanography Expert Group (co-sponsored with SSG-PS) - Contact: Mike Meredith (firstname.lastname@example.org)
- State of the Antarctic Ecosystem (AntEco) - starts January 2013
- Antarctic Thresholds - Ecosystem Resilience and Adaptation (AnT-ERA) - starts January 2013
Evolution and Biodiversity in the Antarctic (EBA) - ending 2013
Report on Antarctic Gradients Invited Workshop under SCAR's EBA Scientific Research Programme, held 19-21 May 2008 at the British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge, UK
'Aliens in Antarctica' - an IPY project on invasive species, contributing to EBA goals. This poster was prepared by Dutch investigators for their contribution to the Aliens IPY project. A more broad ranging report is expected in due course covering the work of all teams involved in the project.
Data and Information Services
- Antarctic Biodiversity Database Contact: Miles Jordan (AAD, Australia)
- SCAR-MarBIN - the Antarctic Marine Biodiversity Information Network see also Reports & Articles and Action Groups above
- GBIF - Global Biodiversity Information Facility
- OBIS - Ocean Biogeographic Information System. MarBIN is the Antarctic node for OBIS.
- CPR Database (see CPR under Expert Groups above) Contact: Graham Hosie (email@example.com)
- KGI Data (Cross SSG) - Contact: Victor Lagun (firstname.lastname@example.org)
ACAP - Advisory Committee to the Agreement on the Conservation of Albatrosses and Petrels
ACAP is a multilateral agreement which seeks to conserve albatrosses and petrels by coordinating international activity to mitigate known threats to albatross and petrel populations.
SCAR provides an Observer to the annual ACAP meeting.
CCAMLR - Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources
- CCAMLR website
- Report of SCAR-CCAMLR Observer on the 29th CCAMLR Meeting, by Mark Hindell
- Report of SCAR-CCAMLR Observer on the XXVIII CCAMLR Meeting, by Mark Hindell
- SCAR Report to XXVIII
- Report of SCAR-CCAMLR Liaison on the XXVII CCAMLR Meeting, by Graham Hosie
- Report of SCAR Observer on the XXVI CCAMLR Meeting, by Graham Hosie
- SCAR Report to XXVI CCAMLR by Graham Hosie
- Report of SCAR Observer on the XXV CCAMLR Meeting, by Graham Hosie
- SCAR Report to XXV CCAMLR by Graham Hosie
- Report of SCAR Observer on the XXIV CCAMLR Meeting, by Graham Hosie
- SCAR Report to XXIV CCAMLR by Graham Hosie
- Report on XXIII CCAMLR by Edith Fanta
The SCAR link for CCAMLR is Mark Hindell (Mark.Hindell@utas.edu.au)
GBIF - Global Biodiversity Information Facility
SCAR became an Associate Member of the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) on 18 February 2008. For more information, see the news item on the SCAR Science and Business News page. The SCAR link for GBIF is Bruno Danis of SCAR MarBIN.
ICED - Integrating Climate and Ecosystem Dynamics in the Southern Ocean Programme
For more information, see how SCAR partners SCOR and other organisations in sponsorship of ICED.
SCOR - Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research, Oceanography Expert Group
In addition to the SCAR/SCOR partnership sponsoring ICED (see above), a joint SCAR/SCOR Oceanograpy Expert Group was set up to focus on physical oceanography, while recognising the inter-dependence of physical, chemical and biological processes in the Southern Ocean. It is co-sponsored with the Physical Sciences SSG.
SO-GLOBEC - Southern Ocean component of the Global Ocean Ecosystem Dynamics Programme (GLOBEC)
- SO-GLOBEC webpage
- GLOBEC website
- Letter of Agreement between GLOBEC and SCAR on Co-Sponsorship of the Southern Ocean GLOBEC Regional Programme (SO-GLOBEC)
SCAR is a co-sponsor, with GLOBEC, of the Southern Ocean GLOBEC Regional Programme. The SCAR link for GLOBEC is Dr Mike Meredith, British Antarctic Survey (email@example.com).