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SCAR XXIX WP19: Report on Evolution and Biodiversity in the Antarctic (EBA)
XXIX SCAR Delegates Meeting
17-19 July 2006, Hobart, Australia

SCAR XXIX WP19: Report on Evolution and Biodiversity in the Antarctic (EBA)

Working Paper 19
Agenda Item: 5.3
Posted/Revised: May 1
Person Responsible: Huiskes

Introduction

Evolution and Biodiversity in the Antarctic (EBA) is a new and ambitious programme of research under the SCAR umbrella that sets out to:

  • Understand the evolution and diversity of life in the Antarctic.
  • Determine how these have influenced the properties and dynamics of present Antarctic ecosystems and the Southern Ocean system.
  • Make predictions on how organisms and communities are responding and will respond to current and future environmental change.
  • Identify EBA science outcomes that are relevant to conservation policy and to communicate this science to the SCAR Antarctic Treat System and other stakeholders by appropriate routes.

The structure of the programme is based around five major unifying key questions, drawn together as workpackages, that are addressed across the realms of terrestrial, limnetic and marine environments. In order to encourage integration of studies and findings across these realms and across the geographic spread of the Antarctic activities of contributing nations, the overall programme and workpackages have been intentionally structured so as to be jointly led by representatives widely recognized within the Antarctic marine, terrestrial and limnetic biological research communities. In doing so, the programme brings together a wide range of disciplines to tackle a series of well-focused questions. These disciplines include plate tectonics, climatology, glaciology, geophysics, oceanography, paleontology, molecular biology, taxonomy, biogeography, autecology, cellular and organism-level ecophysiology, and community ecology.