Antarctic Near-shore and Terrestrial Observation System (ANTOS) 2018-2020 Report
Expert Group of the Life Sciences, Geosciences and Physical Sciences Groups
Report Authors: Craig Cary & Vonda Cummings (NZ)
Summary of activities from 2018-20
- SCAR Integrated Science for the Sub Antarctic (ISSA) Workshop, October 2018 (Great Barrier Island, NZ). Convened by Gary Wilson and Justine Shaw, representatives of most National Programmes with jurisdiction/management in the Subantarctic attended. ANTOS was presented at the meeting to make the sub-Antarctic island community aware of ANTOS and to solicit participation in the expansion of the ANTOS network to the Subantarctic (Sub-ANTOS). This effort has already proved valuable in that the French attendees have sought support to establish 2-3 Tier 1 ANTOS towers in the Kerguelen Islands.
- Progressed development of ANTOS baseline survey protocols, to assist new participants in obtaining the critical baseline data needed prior to the installation of a Tier 1-3 system. A trans-Tasman workshop held in August 2019, with partial support from ANTOS, facilitated protocol development. Major funding was obtained through an internal grant to Sharon Robinson (ANTOS Committee Member; (~$28K from University of Wollongong).
- The Italian National Antarctic Programme supported installation of new ANTOS Tier 1 systems in four Terra Nova Bay locations during 2019/20. These integrate several new sensors to measure the bioactivity of known endolithic communities. Data are being live streamed to the database, bringing the total number of on-line terrestrial ANTOS systems to eight.
- A Canadian vendor experienced in integrating marine sensor systems in polar environments have agreed to develop a prototype telemetered (iridium) system for the near-shore component of ANTOS. Potential for their direct involvement in ANTOS to assist development of a QA/QC sensor tracking system (as they developed in the Arctic).
- The ANTOS community was updated on the activities and progress made in 2018 at the Genoa workshop and subsequent ANTOS meeting in Leuven, via a report published on the website in late 2019 (see https://www.scar.org/science/antos/antos-resources/).
- ANTOS Survey II was designed and was launched in April 2020. It targets participants of the Survey I to gain more detailed information on the data stream available (incl. frequency and duration of measurements, observed environmental/ ecological responses) and participants views on the uniqueness/value of the sites. This will augment and enhance information obtained from Survey I, enabling prioritisation of the ANTOS Sentinel Sites.