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Southern Ocean Continuous Plankton Recorder Database (SO-CPR) Expert Group

The Southern Ocean Continuous Plankton Recorder Database was initially established to assist the development and expansion of the CPR research in the Southern Ocean and Antarctic waters, but now focuses on the Quality Assurance and Quality Control (QA/QC) of the data and maintaining the highest methodological standards in CPR sampling and taxonomic methodology across the SO-CPR Survey laboratories.

The SCAR Southern Ocean Continuous Plankton Recorder (SO-CPR) Survey was established in 1991 by the Australian Antarctic Division to map the spatial-temporal patterns of plankton biodiversity and use the sensitivity of plankton to environmental change as early warning indicators of the health of the Southern Ocean. It also contributes to or can serve as a reference for other observational/monitoring programmes such as the Southern Ocean Observing System (SOOS), Southern Ocean Sentinel (SOS), CCAMLR Ecosystem Monitoring Program (C-EMP), and the Integrating Climate and Ecosystem Dynamics (ICED) program.

Antarctic plankton are expected to be particularly sensitive and vulnerable to climate change, both because of changes in ocean temperatures and by changing sea ice patterns. Increased UV levels, ocean acidification, invasive plankton species, pollution and harvesting impacts are also potential major threats. The synergistic effect of these threats working in combination is currently not known. Any change in the plankton are expected to have cascading effects through the rest of the food chain, as well as potentially altering the role of the plankton in the global climate system.

At the 2016 SCAR Delegates Meeting it was approved that the EG-CPR transitions to the SO-CPR Database Expert Group (SO-CPR), to focus on its new aims (detailed above).

See also the SO-CPR website.

Publications, Data and Links of interest to the Southern Ocean plankton community

+ Publications

SO-CPR reports:

 

SO-CPR publications from 2014-2016:

Constable, A.J., Melbourne-Thomas, J., Corney, S.P., Arrigo, K.R., Barbraud, C., Barnes, D.K.A., Bindoff, N.L., Boyd, P.W., Brandt, A., Costa, D.P., Davidson, A.T., Ducklow, H.W., Emmerson, L., Fukuchi, M., Gutt, J., Hindell, M.A., Hofmann, E.E., Hosie, G.W. , Iida, T., Jacob, S., Johnston, N.M., Kawaguchi, S. , Kokubun, N., Koubbi, P., Lea, M-A., Makhado, A., Massom, R.A., Meiners, K., Meredith, M.P, Murphy, E.J., Nicol, S. , Reid, K. , Richerson, K., Riddle, M.J., Rintoul, S.R., Smith Jr., W.O., Southwell, C. , Stark, J.S., Sumner, M., Swadling, K.M. , Takahashi, K.T., Trathan, P.N., Welsford, D.C., Weimerskirch, H., Westwood, K.J. , Wienecke, B.C., Wolf-Gladrow, D., Wright, S.W., Xavier, J.C., Ziegler, P. (2014) Climate change and Southern Ocean ecosystems I: How changes in physical habitats directly affect marine biota. Global Change Biology, 20: 3004-3025, DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12623

Cuzin-Roudy, J., Irisson, J-O., Penot, F., Kawaguchi, S., Vallet, C. (2014) Southern Ocean euphausiids. In: De Broyer, C., Koubbi, P., Griffiths, H., Danis, B., David, B., Grant, S., Gutt, J., Held, C., Hosie, G., Huetmann, F., Post, A., Raymond, B., Roper-Coudert, Y., Van de Putte, A., (eds) The CAML/SCAR-MarBIN Biogeographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean. Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research, Cambridge, UK, pp 309-320

De Broyer, C., Koubbi, P., Griffiths, H., Raymond, B., d’Udekem d’Acoz, C., Van de Putte, A., Danis, B., David, B., Grant, S., Gutt, J., Held, C., Hosie, G., Huetmann, F., Post, A., Roper-Coudert, Y., (eds) (2014) The CAML/SCAR- MarBIN Biogeographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean. Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research, Cambridge, UK.

Edwards, M., Helaouet, P., Alhaija, R. A., Batten, S., Beaugrand, G., Chiba, S., Horaeb, R. R., Hosie, G., Mcquatters-Gollop, A., Ostle, C., Richardson, A.J., Rochester, W., Skinner, J., Stern, R., Takahashi, K., Taylor, C., Verheye, H. M., Wootton, M. (2016). Global Marine Ecological Status Report: results from the global CPR survey 2014/2015. SAHFOS Techinical Report, 11, 1-32. Plymouth, U.K. ISSN 1744-0750.

Edwards, M., Helaouet, P., Johns, D.G., Batten, S., Beaugrand, G., Chiba, S., Hall, J., M., Head, E., Hosie, G., Kitchener, J., Koubbi, P., Kreiner, A., Melrose, C., Pinkerton, M., Richardson, A.J., Robinson, K., Takahashi, K., Verheye. H.M., Ward, P. & Wootton, M. (2014) Global Marine Ecological Status Report: results from the global CPR survey 2012/2013. SAHFOS Technical Report, 10: 1-37. Plymouth, U.K. ISSN 1744-0750

Griffiths, H.J., Van de Putte, A., Danis, B. (2014) Data distribution: patterns and implications. In: De Broyer, C., Koubbi, P., Griffiths, H., Danis, B., David, B., Grant, S., Gutt, J., Held, C., Hosie, G., Huetmann, F., Post, A., Raymond, B., Roper-Coudert, Y., Van de Putte, A., (eds) The CAML/SCAR-MarBIN Biogeographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean. Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research, Cambridge, UK, pp 16-26

Gutt, J., Bertler, N., Bracegirdle, T.J., Buschmann, A., Comiso, J., Hosie, G., Isla, E., Schloss, I.R., Smith, C.R, Tournadre, J., Xavier, J.C. (2014) The Southern Ocean ecosystem under multiple climate change stresses - an integrated circumpolar assessment. Global Change Biology, 21 (4), 1434- 1453, DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12794

Hosie, G., Mormède, S., Kitchener, J., Takahashi, K., Raymond, B (2014) Chapter 10.3. Near-surface zooplankton community. In: De Broyer C., Koubbi P., Griffiths H.J., Raymond B., Udekem d’Acoz C. d’, Van de Putte A.P., Danis B., David B., Grant S., Gutt J., Held C., Hosie G., Huettmann F., Post A., Ropert-Coudert Y. (eds.), Biogeographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean. Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research, Cambridge, pp. 422-430.

Koubbi, P., De Broyer, C., Griffiths, H., Raymond, B., d’Udekem d’Acoz, C., Van de Putte, A., Danis, B., David, B., Grant, S., Gutt, J., Held, C., Hosie, G., Huettmann, F., Post, A., Ropert-Coudert, Y., Stoddart, M.1, Swadling, K., Wadley, V. (2014) CONCLUSION: Present and Future of Southern Ocean Biogeography. In: De Broyer, C., Koubbi, P., Griffiths, H., Danis, B., David, B., Grant, S., Gutt, J., Held, C., Hosie, G., Huetmann, F., Post, A., Raymond, B., Roper-Coudert, Y., Van de Putte, A., (eds) The CAML/SCAR-MarBIN Biogeographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean. Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research, Cambridge, UK, pp 470-475

Kouwenberg, J.H.M., Razouls, C., Desreumaux, N., (2014) Southern Ocean pelagic copepods. In: De Broyer, C., Koubbi, P., Griffiths, H., Danis, B., David, B., Grant, S., Gutt, J., Held, C., Hosie, G., Huetmann, F., Post, A., Raymond, B., Roper-Coudert, Y., Van de Putte, A., (eds) The CAML/SCAR-MarBIN Biogeographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean. Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research, Cambridge, UK, pp 290-296

Meilland, J., Favri-Ruiz, S., Koubbi, P., Lo Monaco, C., Cotte, C., Hosie, G. W., Sanchez, S., Howa, H. (2016). Planktonic foraminiferal biogeography in the Indian sector of the Southern Ocean: Contribution from CPR data. Deep- Sea Research I, 110, 75-89. doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2015.12.014

Roberts, D., Hopcroft, R.R., Hosie, G.W. (2014) Southern Ocean Pteropods. In: De Broyer, C., Koubbi, P., Griffiths, H., Danis, B., David, B., Grant, S., Gutt, J., Held, C., Hosie, G., Huetmann, F., Post, A., Raymond, B., Roper-Coudert, Y., Van de Putte, A., (eds) The CAML/SCAR-MarBIN Biogeographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean. Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research, Cambridge, UK, pp 276-283

Robinson, K.V., Pinkerton, M.H., Hall, J.A., Hosie, G.W., (2014) Continuous Plankton Recorder Time Series. New Zealand Aquatic Environment and Biodiversity Report No. 128. Ministry for Primary Industries, Wellington. 74 pp. ISBN 978-0-478-43226-8

Takahashi, K. T., Hosie, G. W., Odate, T. (2016). Intra-annual seasonal variability of surface zooplankton distribution patterns along a 110oE transect of the Southern Ocean in the austral summer of 2011/12. Polar Science, doi:10.1016/j.polar.2016.06.09

Takahashi, K. T., Iida, T., Ojima, M., Odate, T. (2015). Zooplankton sampling during the 55th Japanese Antarctic Research Expedition in austral summer 2013-2014. JARE Data Report, 336 (Marine Biology 49), 15p.

Zeidler, W., De Broyer, C. (2014) Amphiphoda Hyperiidea. In: De Broyer, C., Koubbi, P., Griffiths, H., Danis, B., David, B., Grant, S., Gutt, J., Held, C., Hosie, G., Huetmann, F., Post, A., Raymond, B., Roper-Coudert, Y., Van de Putte, A., (eds) The CAML/SCAR-MarBIN Biogeographic Atlas of the
Southern Ocean. Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research, Cambridge, UK, pp 303-308

+ Data

The Australian Antarctic Division hosts the SO-CPR database. From their website linked below it is possible to:

  • View the metadata record describing the Southern Ocean Continuous Zooplankton Records [AADC-00099] database.
  • Search Tow Records by date, coverage
  • Access the full tow list sorted by season and voyage. There are links to view the sample locations for a tow within the Australian Antarctic sector.
  • Access a list of observed species with links to a distribution map within the Australian Antarctic sector.

For access to the data see the SO-CPR website.

Map of known CPR tows:

 cpr tows

 


Contact

The Chair of the SO-CPR group is This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. is responsible for the SO-CPR database.


Members of CO-CPR

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. (Chair) National Institute of Polar Research (NIPR) Japan
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. (former Chair)   Australia
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. South African Department of Environmental Affairs South Africa
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA) New Zealand
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Université Pierre and Marie Curie France
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Sir Alister Hardy Foundation for Ocean Science (SAHFOS) UK
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Australian Antarctic Division (AAD) Australia
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Australian Antarctic Division (AAD) Australia
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA) New Zealand
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. University of Rio Grande Brazil